Did you know?
That not many new students know the contrast of tone controls the perspective and dimension of objects in their paintings, or how the quality of edges can turn a mediocre painting into a masterpiece just by:
- Creating a 3D effect: In order to see form within paintings, from that of its surroundings, one has to be able to judge the difference and contrast of dark and light tones.
- Using lost and found edges: Controlling the quality of contour edges adds drama to your paintings and helps to settle objects comfortably within their surroundings.
It’s a fact that without these two factors, a painting will mean nothing if people can’t distinguish what is actually in your paintings. All is not lost if you read on….
What are ‘Lost and found’ edges?
Lost and found edges describe the quality or state of perimeters, ie outer contour edges of shapes, brushstrokes and planes.
Found-edges are sharp-edges or hard-edges. They happen when the paper is dry.
- Neat detail has sharp-edges and outlines. Detailed things are seen as static.
- Neat well-defined contour edges and brushstrokes are easily read.
- If sharp-edges are overdone, your painting looks lifeless, contrived and stiff.
- Sharp-edges convey an object has sharp edges, eg: knife blade, jagged rocks, etc.
- Sharp-edged planes: Example mountain ranges. If the contour edge is sharp all along the mountain range, it isn’t natural. Perspectively, things in the distance are out of focus. You only find sharp edges where there is a distinct severe cliff face. Rolling hills have soft-edged contours.
- If all the things in the painting are sharp-edged the painting looks stiff and contrived.
Lost-edges are soft blurred edges, that is blended contours and graduated auras between form and its immediate background. This happens when the paper is wet or damp.
Things that live grow and move:
Examples: grass, trees and washing on the line blow in the wind. The wings of flying birds are not easily seen because they are blurred. Therefore:
- Soft-edges suggest movement, action and motion.
- All moving things are blurred. Moving feet and bicycle wheels are blurred. You don’t even see the feet of people walking in the distance. This confirms that fewer brushstrokes say more.
- Blurred contours also suggest that something is round, sphere shaped, like balls, eggs and rolling hills.
- You create mood when you blur things.
- Blurred areas imply smoke, mist and mystery.
- Blurring suggest atmospheric dimension (aerial perspective).
- Importantly, soft-edges stimulate our senses and create emotion.
How do you make lost and found edges?
- You get lost-edges when your watercolour paper is wet or semi-wet.
- You get clear found-edges when your watercolour paper is dry.
Where do you use lost and found edges?
- Lost edges are generally used around the outer edges of your painting. Why, because this creates a tunnel effect, drawing the eye inwards, into the painting and towards the main point of interest.
- Found-edges and strong contrast of tone are generally found at the main point of interest in the painting. Sharp contrast of tone attracts the eye, bringing the main subject into focus and giving it importance.
Why use contrast of tone?
If everything is neatly detailed at the same tone level throughout the painting, people can’t cipher what’s happening in your painting. There needs to be a big difference of tone at the main point of interest to distinguish its importance from that of the rest of the painting.
Variation of edges is important:
- Sharp-edges make things look static, lifeless.
- Sharp-edged objects stand out away from their surroundings. If you soften their outer contour edges they melt into place, settle nicely into their environment.
- Blurred edges make it easier for the eye to travel over and through your painting. The perusing of the eye is not jarred from one form to another or from one plane to another.
- Variation of edges is more appealing.
- Blurred areas give the painting atmosphere and endless fascination.
- Flower petals are delicate, so give them soft blurred edges. Unless of cause you want to draw attention to the main point of interest.
- Textured things have ‘broken’ edges, intermittent contours.
- Gradation of colour and tone along contour edges also softens an edge.
Here I did one flower at a time, from left to right.
- First the flower colour,
- Then wetted the contour edge of the flower with fresh clean water.
- Then I added an intermediate transitional colour to the wet contour edge.
- Then the green background was added to the right.
- I dropped in a little colour into the green background to suggest out of focus buds.
- Lastly I added the stamen and pistils to the flowers’ centers.
That is not all:
If you want to experience more, download the free books on watercolours on the page: Free Art Books.